Doctors of Chiropractic (DC) usually perform sciatic treatment. The common characteristic of sciatica is pain originating from the buttock or lower back. This pain travels into both of the legs, or in some instances, one of the legs. This sciatic pain of the nerve varies in frequency as well as intensity i.e. it can be minimal, severe and occasional, moderate, frequent, intermittent or even constant.
The pain is said to be achy, dull, sharp, pins and needles, tooth-ache like or like electric shocks. Further symptoms that are related to sciatica are numbness, burning as well as tingling feelings. Sciatica is also referred to as radiating, neuropathy, neuralgia or referred pain. There exists a misconception that sciatica is a disorder. This is not true as sciatica is actually a symptom of an underlying disorder.
Nerve compression causes sciatica (a symptom of neck pain)
Neck pain may be as a result of tightness of muscles in the neck as well as lower neck. If the system supporting the neck is disrupted, there is a resultant tightening of muscles. The following are the major neck pain causes:
• When the carotid artery dissects
• As a result of acute coronary syndrome referred pain
• Neck as well as head cancer
• Herniation of the spinal disc
Normally, sciatica is caused by a compression or pinching of a sciatic nerve. Some of the disorders that are known to result to sciatic pain are subluxations of the lumbar spine (vertebral bodies that are not aligned properly), bulging discs or herniated (discs that have slipped), expectancy and child delivery, tumors as well as such disorders that are non-spinal as constipation, diabetes or even when a person sits on one wallet at the back pocket.
Piriformis syndrome is a common cause of sciatica. Piriformis syndrome obtains its name from the muscle called piriformis. This muscle is situated in the lower spine that is connecting to the thighbone. It serves to permit rotation of the hip. It is beneath this muscle that the sciatic nerve runs.
This piriformis muscle is highly susceptible to becoming injured when a person slips and falls, gets infected with hip arthritis or has a difference in the length of his or her legs. Situations like those result into development of a cramp or spasm in the piriformis muscle, which consequently pinches the sciatic nerve causing pain and inflammation.
Diagnosis of sciatica
Since many conditions can lead to sciatica, the chiropractor’s first task is to identify the cause of the sciatica. The diagnosis consists having a review of the history of the patient and performing a physical as well as neurological test.
Diagnostic examining involves an x-ray, CT scan, MRI and/or electrodiagnostic tests (velocity of nerve conduction, electromyography). These tests and examinations assist in detecting likely contraindications to adjustments in the spine as well as other chiropractic therapies.
Sciatic treatment by chiropractic
The type of chiropractic treatment that is going to be used on a patient will highly depend on the cause of his or her sciatica. The following are treatments that can be made use of:
• Cold or ice therapy: This procedure minimizes inflammation and aids to put sciatic pain under control
• Ultrasound: Deep-penetrating heat into tissues that is created by sound waves. Boosts blood circulation and lessens muscle cramping, spasms, stiffness and pain.
• Manipulation of the spine: This is to free any movement of the spine that is restricted. This assists in restoring vertebral bodies which are misaligned.